A section of the ruins of Paliochora from above
Paliochora is located at the conjunction of three large langadia, one of which (the "Kake Langada" or "Evil Gorge") runs out to the sea. Many scholars have argued that Paliochora was founded in order to take advantage of this powerful natural defense, and this must in some sense be correct, but one still has to ask about the economic and social basis of the settlement since its inhabitants cannot have spent all of their time huddled within the safety of the town.
The Kake Langada below Paliochora
In modern times, of course, Paliochora is totally abandoned--visited only by the occasional tourist and haunted according to local legend by the spirits of those who were killed in the terrible events of 1537. Instead, over the past 500 years the people of northern Kythera have lived in a series of small villages scattered in a wide arc around the former Byzantine capital. One of the major questions of APKAS is to investigate where people lived in all previous periods, from time people first settled on Kythera (perhaps 5000 years ago) until the present.
An abandoned field house in Phoinikies in the western part of the APKAS survey area